Monthly Archives: June 2013



Intelligence – a very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and learn from experience. It is not merely book learning, a narrow academic skill, or test-taking smarts. Rather, it reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings—”catching on”, “making sense” of things, or “figuring out” what to do. (Mainstream Science on Intelligence)

Some Philosophers say that intelligence is inherited (nature). Some people inherited their intelligences from the family and we can see evidences of this from our surroundings. We see/ hear families where they are all in the honor roll, excelling academically. There are also families excelling in music, sports, politics and others.

Some Philosophers also say that intelligences can be nurtured. In one of the open forum question in our topic about intelligences, Roshiley Tilistyak raised the question about finances and its contribution to intelligence.  She mentioned that those who grew up in stable environment achieved better at school and those who grew up in slum area, not well-fed has lower intelligence and achieved less in their school and life. Others respond to the post that financial status does affect intelligence. This scenario is not always correct because some people who are in slum area use their financial status as a motivation to improve in their life and so they study well. These are few examples that intelligence can be nurtured.

I can say then that intelligence can be both nature and nurtured. Intelligence can be inherited from the family and it can be nurtured by environmental factors.

nurturedn intelligence

 Intelligence comes from learning. For learning to occur, each student have learning strategies. Growing up and studying, I’m not really a student who excels academically with high grades. I would say that I am a middle student but there are times that I also get good grades. The strategy of learning that I do when I was in elementary was memorizing. And before the exam, I would review with my friend by answering questions from each other. My strategy in learning in high school and college is taking down notes. I am not really a book reader so I depend on the lectures of the teacher. Note taking and reviewing helps me better understand the lessons. Now that I’m in an online study, note taking still works for me. While listening to webcasts, I jot down notes and review it again after. The questions which we are required to answer helps me better understand also the lessons. When it comes to reading the modules, I read and take down important notes– it’s like a form of summary of what I am reading.  Reading – writing and reviewing, watching – writing and reviewing – the learning strategies that I use to learn best.

multiple intelligences

According to Howard Gardner, he believes that we have 9 intelligences which can be nurtured or ignored. If these can be nurtured, then from our activities in our course, I am nurturing one which is Linguistic which is the ability to communicate well. One of the requirements of our course is to create blogs about our insights. Though I am reading blogs, I have never written one until I enrolled in UPOU last semester. I have written my first blog last semester and it felt good to actually write. I am hoping that from this activity of our course, I would learn and be able to create good blogs



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Learning Styles



Learning Styles – the way in which each learner begins to concentrate on, process, use and retain new and difficult information (Dunn and Dunn)

Different Leaning Style Theories:

Kolb’s Experiential Learning Style Model

A person’s preference is influenced by several factors among which are the social environment, learning experiences, and the person’s prior knowledge and skills

Learning Style Learn Best By


Assimilating Thinking & watching


Converging Thinking & doing


Diverging Feeling & watching


Accommodating Feeling & doing


Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model

There are 21 elements or components of the model:

The Environmental Strand

  • Whether you like sound present or not
  • How much light you need
  • What temperature needs you have
  • Design element 

 The Emotional Strand

  • Motivation
  • Persistence
  • Responsibility – whether you are conforming or non-conforming
  • Structure – whether you need precise information on exactly how to do something or not.

 The Sociological Strand

  • Alone
  • With a friend
  • In a group or a team learning situation
  • With and adult or expert in the field present
  • Or perhaps we have a need for variety, doing it a different way everyday

The Physiological Strand

  • Mobility
  • Intake
  • The time of day
  • Perceptual modes

The Psychological Strand

  • Do you like to build things up bit by bit from facts and figures, or do you prefer to get the big picture first, find out why it’s relevant to you to learn about this and the slot the small bits in? (analytic or global processing styles)
  • Do you prefer to use the left side of your brain (analytical) or use the right side of your brain (creative, the arts)?
  • Are you impulsive (calling out answers, talking to make sense of things) or are you reflective (need time to assess and determine what it is you want to say)?

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory

 1.     Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence — well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words

2.     Mathematical-Logical Intelligence — ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical or numerical patterns

3.     Musical Intelligence — ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timber

4.     Visual-Spatial Intelligence — capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly

5.     Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence — ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully

6.     Interpersonal Intelligence — capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others.

7.     Intrapersonal Intelligence — capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes

8.     Naturalist Intelligence — ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature

9.    Existential Intelligence — sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why do we die, and how did we get here.


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Metacognition and Self-regulation

note taking

Metacognition – a student’s awareness of their level of understanding of a topic
Belieffs That Make You Stupid:
1. Learning is fast
2. Knowledge is Composed of isolated facts
3. Being good at a subject is a matter of inborn talent
4. I’m really good at multi-tasking

Things That Do Help Learning:
– minimize distractions, maximizing focus
– developing accurate metacognition
– deep, appropriate processing of critical concepts
– practicing retrieval and application

Cognitive Principles for Optimizing Learning
1. Elaboration – making meaningful association between concepts you’re studying and related concepts
2. Distinctiveness – clear contrast between the concept you’re studying in other concept
– differences among related concept
3. Personal – How can I relate this concept to my personal experience
4. Appropriate retrieval and application – practice recalling the information and using it in the way your teacher expects you to be able to do. Recall and review

Strategies for Achieving Deep Processing
1. Question Generation – questions that make you compare and contrast, analyze to make connections and to make implications
2. Create a concept map of the ideas you are studying – diagram of notes and links
3. Practice retrieving using the information in ways that your teacher expects you to do.

*Don’t be a student who…
Keeps studying the same way hoping to improve
Waits until the end of the sem to ask for help
Skip class to focus on other classes
Fails further behind waiting to find time to catch-up with others
Crams at the last minute
Doesn’t do assignments because they are small or late
Panics and gives up

Metacognition by Stephen Chew:

Self-regulation is the self-directive process by which learners transform their mental abilities into academic skills. It involves the selective use of specific processes that must be personally adapted to each learning task.

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MOTIVATION – the process of instigating and sustaining directed behavior (Schunk 2012)
No person can directly motivate another because motivation comes from within a person. However, motivational theories can inform a person (e.g. the teacher) about effectively creating environments or situations that can influence other people’s behaviors (e.g. students) according to what is deemed desirable.

study fun

On my first semester at UPOU, I was motivated to learn. I was excited to study again after a long time. Since I am a BSC graduate and a teacher, I was motivated to learn more about Education. One of my goals also why I took PTC is for me to qualify to take the LET. These two goals: to learn (intrinsic motivator) and to be more qualified to be a teacher educationally and to take the LET (extrinsic motivator) motivated me to study.

bored internet

As we progress with our study, I was overwhelmed with the task/ activities that we needed to do. I have spent a lot of time especially during night time studying. It was tedious that there were times that I didn’t want to open my laptop to read and do the activities.

bored internet 2

On my 2nd semester (this semester), I seem to have lost my motivation to learn. The excitement was gone. I can’t put myself to study even though I have read about metacognition and self-regulation. Reading my classmates post and comments about motivations help me put myself to be on track and be motivated for a time only. I was inspired by their stories and was encouraged reading their posts. Another thing that has helped me was the podcast that I watched by Pastor Joel Osteen entitled “Keep your vision in front of you”. It was about having a vision, writing it and putting it in a place where you can see it everyday. So I did write a vision about my studies and placed it where I can easily see it everyday.Whenever I am lazy to do my online study, i think about my vision and it motivates me sometimes.

Reflecting from these, I think I got bored from reading and doing assignment. Hoping that I can motivate myself again and not just to get by my studies, doing reading and assignment just for the sake of accomplishing the requirement of the course.

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