Learning Styles



Learning Styles – the way in which each learner begins to concentrate on, process, use and retain new and difficult information (Dunn and Dunn)

Different Leaning Style Theories:

Kolb’s Experiential Learning Style Model

A person’s preference is influenced by several factors among which are the social environment, learning experiences, and the person’s prior knowledge and skills

Learning Style Learn Best By


Assimilating Thinking & watching


Converging Thinking & doing


Diverging Feeling & watching


Accommodating Feeling & doing


Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model


There are 21 elements or components of the model:

The Environmental Strand

  • Whether you like sound present or not
  • How much light you need
  • What temperature needs you have
  • Design element 

 The Emotional Strand

  • Motivation
  • Persistence
  • Responsibility – whether you are conforming or non-conforming
  • Structure – whether you need precise information on exactly how to do something or not.

 The Sociological Strand

  • Alone
  • With a friend
  • In a group or a team learning situation
  • With and adult or expert in the field present
  • Or perhaps we have a need for variety, doing it a different way everyday

The Physiological Strand

  • Mobility
  • Intake
  • The time of day
  • Perceptual modes

The Psychological Strand

  • Do you like to build things up bit by bit from facts and figures, or do you prefer to get the big picture first, find out why it’s relevant to you to learn about this and the slot the small bits in? (analytic or global processing styles)
  • Do you prefer to use the left side of your brain (analytical) or use the right side of your brain (creative, the arts)?
  • Are you impulsive (calling out answers, talking to make sense of things) or are you reflective (need time to assess and determine what it is you want to say)?

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory


 1.     Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence — well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words

2.     Mathematical-Logical Intelligence — ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical or numerical patterns

3.     Musical Intelligence — ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timber

4.     Visual-Spatial Intelligence — capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly

5.     Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence — ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully

6.     Interpersonal Intelligence — capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others.

7.     Intrapersonal Intelligence — capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes

8.     Naturalist Intelligence — ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature

9.    Existential Intelligence — sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why do we die, and how did we get here.



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